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Containers & Packaging Industry sector
Manufacturers of metal, glass or plastic containers, paper and cardboard containers and packaging.


Corporate
A legal entity that is incorporated through registration and can either be owned or not owned by the State.


Coupon
Any interest payment made or due on a bond, debenture or similar (no longer by a physical coupon).


Coupon Type
Coupon Type classifies how a debt instrument's coupon is structured. In the Capital Market Data Model we distinguish the following coupon types: Fixed Floating Zero Single Fixed to IBOR Fixed to Reverse FRN IBOR to Fixed IBOR to Reverse FRN Reverse FRN Inflation Linked CMS Variable (Undisc.) Step F


Covered Bonds
A covered bond is a corporate bond with one important enhancement: recourse to a pool of assets that secures or "covers" the bond if the originator becomes insolvent.


CP - Commercial Paper security type
A short term negotiable debt instrument that promises to pay the bearer or registered owner an amount in the future.


Credit Linked Note
The current size of the Credit Linked Note market is USD200bn.


Credit Market (Bond Market) (Debt Market)
From a corporate point of view, it is the broad market for companies looking to raise funds through debt issuances. The credit market encompasses both investment-grade bonds and junk bonds, as well as short term commercial paper.


Credit Risk
The risk of loss due to a receiver of financing non re-payment of a loan or other line of credit.


CUSIP
A nine-character code that identifies a North American financial security for the purposes of facilitating clearing and settlement of trades.


DayCount
determines how interest accrues over time


Debt Instrument
In the Capital Market Data Model we make no distinction between Commercial Paper, Certificates of Deposit, Bills, Bonds, Notes or MTNs. Collectively these are called Debt Instruments.


Derivative
A security whose price is dependent upon or derived from one or more underlying assets. The derivative itself is merely a contract between two or more parties. Its value is determined by fluctuations in the underlying asset. Most common underlying assets include: stocks, bonds, commodities, currencies and interest rates.


Developing Capital Markets
are the markets of those nations, where the industrial base is less developed.


Dim Sum Distribution
A Dim Sum bond is a CNY denominated bond issued in Hong Kong


Distributors Industry sector
Distributors and wholesalers of general merchandise not classified elsewhere. Includes vehicle distributors. Part of the Retailing Industry Group.


Diversified Consumer Services Industry sector
Companies providing a range of services such as home security, legal, personal, renovation, weddings & funerals, educational services.


Diversified Financial Services Industry sector
Companies providing a diverse range of financial services and providers of specialized financial services. Includes credit agencies, stock exchanges and specialty boutiques.


Diversified Industrial
The Diversified Industrial Industry Sector comprises companies that produce industrial products, materials and services. 


Diversified Services
The Diversified Services Industry Sector comprises companies that provide residential services, home security, legal services, personal services, renovation and interior design services, consumer auctions and wedding and funeral services.


Domestic Market Bond
A form of bond that is traded in a domestic market


Dual Currency (DC) Bond
A DC or Dual Currency Bond is a negotiable debt instrument that exposes the investor - in exchange for a higher return - to a specific Foreign Exchange risk.


Duration Manager
The role of a duration manager is to stabilise the market during the setting of the bond’s issue price, by acting as a counterparty on behalf of all the syndicate members for switch orders presented by the investors (orders presented on the condition of simultaneous sale of another security at a certain minimum price).


Earnings Per Share (EPS)
The portion of a company’s profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. Earnings per share serves as an indicator of a company’s profitability. EPS = [(Net Income) – (Dividends on Preferred Stock)]/(Average Outstanding Shares)


Education
The Education Industry Sector comprises companies providing educational services, either on-line or through conventional teaching methods. 


Education Services Industry sector
Companies providing educational services, either on-line or through conventional teaching methods.


Electric Utilities Industry sector
Companies that produce or distribute electricity. Includes both nuclear and non-nuclear facilities.


Electronic and Electrical Equipment Industry Sector
The Electronic and Electrical Equipment Industry Sector consists of companies that primarily manufacture electronic supplies and equipment (wires, transistors, insulators, electric motors, batteries, etc.) This sector does not include Computer Hardware producers.


Emerging Capital Markets
Emerging capital markets are a type of developing capital market.


Emerging Market Bonds
Emerging market bonds are bonds issued by/in the currency of an emerging market country.


Employment Cost Index (ECI)
The employment cost index (ECI) is a quarterly economic series detailing the changes in the costs of labor for businesses in the United States economy. The ECI is vital in that it gives an indication of whether employment cost changes are rising or falling, thus measuring inflation of wages, and employer-paid benefits.


Energy Industry Sector
The Energy Industry Sector consists of companies that partake in the manufacturing, distribution, and commercial sale of energy. This sector does not include Oil and Gas manufacturers or Electricity producers.


Engineering and Machinery Industry sector
Comprising of companies that design, develop and manufacturer heavy duty trucks, construction equipment and related parts, non-military shipbuilding, agricultural machinery and related parts, industrial machinery and components. 


Entity Type
An Entity is a body recognised by law as legally existing in accordance with an internationally agreed standard


Equity
The value of an asset after all liabilities have been paid or a stock or any other security representing ownership interest.



Eurobond
Bond targeted at cross-border distribution


Eurodollar
Contrary to the name, Eurodollars have little to do with the Euro or European countries. They are U.S. denominated deposit in banks outside of the United States. Relatively free of regulation. Eurodollar market has expanded largely as a way of circumventing regulatory costs.


Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs)
An ETF is a marketable security that tracks an index, a commodity, bonds, or a basket of assets like an index fund. Unlike mutual funds, ETFs trade like a common stock on a stock exchange. ETFs experience price changes throughout the deal as they are bought and sold. ETFs experience price changes throughout the day.


Federal Government
An administrative division, managed and controlled by the State as a Federation and part of the public sector


FIG
Financial Institutions Group


Financial Corporate Industry Sector
The Financial Corporate Industry Sector consists of entitles that are serve as finance companies providing financial services, including intergroup borrowing and lending.


Food & Staples Retailing Industry sector
Owners and operators of supermarkets, general food retail stores, drug retail stores and pharmacies.


Food and Drink Producers and Processors
Companies that produce and process agricultural products to make food and/or drinks.    


Food and Drug Retailers
Industry that comprises owners and operators of supermarkets selling food and consumer staple products, general food retail stores, drug retail stores and pharmacies.


Food Products Industry sector
Producers of agricultural and animal products. Processors and producers of packaged foods.


Foreign Market Bond
a bond issued by a foreign borrower in the currency of the country in which it is sold


Forestry, Paper and Packaging Industry Sector
Comprises companies whose main line of business is manufacturing timber to produce desired wood and paper products.  


Formosa Distribution
A Formosa bond is a non-TWD denominated bond issued in Taiwan


Frequent Issuers
Those that regularly visit the capital markets for financing.


Frontier Capital Markets
Frontier capital markets are a type of developing capital market.


Frontier Market Bonds
Bonds issued in the domestic market or currency of a frontier country.


Fungible
An instrument that can be substituted for something of equal value.


Futures Contract
A contract between two parties to buy or sell an asset for a price agreed upon today (the futures price) with delivery and payment occurring at a future point (the delivery date). Considered a derivatives product because it is a function of an underlying asset.


Gas Distribution Industry sector
Companies whose main charter is to distribute and transmit natural and manufactured gas.


GBP Bond Market
can be split by investors, into an international and a domestic market, and on the other hand by issuers, into the foreign and non-foreign market.


General Retailer Industry Sector
The General Retailer Industry Sector consists of companies that sell finished products to end consumers. This sector does not include Food and Drug Retailers.


Generic Ratings
"CMDportal "Generic Ratings©" are worked out as the lower average of the issuer’s credit ratings available to CMD. Where relevant, separate "Generic Ratings©" are calculated for senior and subordinated debt as well as for debt issuance programme ratings.


Global Bond
a bond issued in a form that allows it to be traded in both the relevant domestic and international Bond Marke


Government - Central Bank
Entities that manage the financial system including the currency and reserves of a country through monetary policy and bank / financial institution supervision regulations.


Government - Corporate
Companies owned by the State and in which the State has significant influence.


Government - Development Bank
Public financial institutions that finance projects which generate economic development.


Government - Guaranteed
Entities that issue debt which is guaranteed by the State.


Government - Local Authority/Municipality
Entities of the State that have jurisdiction over a particular county, area or city, town and can set local regulations.


Government - Region/Provinces
Entities of the State that have jurisdiction over a particular region or province and can set regional regulations.


Government - Sovereign
Entities that are the State.


Government - Supernational Institutions
Entities that have been created by a treaty for a specific purpose and acts on behalf of a number of States.  


Government Agency/Department
Entities that act as part of the State.


Green Bond
Bonds that raise finance for an environmental project.


Group
A collection of one or more legal entities that through ownership or other types of control belong together.


Group Industry
The Industry classification on the CMD Portal refers to the type of entity. The categories are: Corporate, Bank, Fund, Government, Insurance, Structured Finance Vehicles and Unknown. Corporates include all private profit maximising entities except those that we categorise as Banks. The defining characteristic of a Bank in our categorisation is that it has a banking license. The Government category contains the state debt issuers as well as various SSAs (State and Supranational Agencies) such as the World Bank and regional development bodies.


Health Industry Sector
The Health Industry Sector consists of companies that provide medical services (consultation, surgery, insurance) and manufacture medical equipment.


Household Goods and Textiles Industry Sector
The Household Goods and Textiles Industry Sector consists of companies that design and manufacture products for consumers and households such as apparel, accessories, luxury goods and footwear.


Hybrid Bonds
Hybrid Bonds are the blend between equity and debt securities


Industrial - Environment Industry Sector
Comprises companies that provide environmental and facilities maintenance services.      


Industrial Conglomerates Industry sector
Companies that are diversified industrials, with business activities in three or more industrial sectors.


Industry Sector
The Industry Sector is a classification that describes the activity of an entity within the economy. The classification is based on where the relevant entity derives the majority of its revenue.


Industry Sector Type
A classification of the main line of business of an entity. This sits at a level below the Group Industry, which in CMD’s terminology, categorises the type of organisation, such as corporate, bank and government. As such, the list of Industry sectors varies for each Industry.


Information Technology Industry Sector
The Information Technology Industry Sector consists of companies that provide consulting services (writing software, designing databases, data management, etc.) and business outsourcing processes.


Institutional Investors
Organizations which pool large sums of money and invest those sums in securities, real property and other investments. Includes banks, retirement/ pension funds, hedge funds, investment advisors and mutual funds. Their role in the economy is to act as highly specialized investors on behalf of others.


Insurance Industry sector
Companies that provide insurance services and life assurance services and products. 


Interest
The price paid for obtaining, or the price received for providing, money or other assets in a credit agreement, calculated as a fraction of the full amount or value obtained or received. In the Capital Market Data model 8% is expressed as 8.


International bond
is issued by foreign companies and sold domestically.


Investment Grade
A bond is considered investment grade or IG if its credit rating is BBB- or higher by Standard & Poor's and Fitch or Baa3 or higher by Moody's. In general, these are bonds that are judged by the rating agencies as likely to meet payment obligations of interest and principal on maturity. In the Capital Market


Investor Meetings
Meetings outside a bond offering


ISIN
An International Securities Identification Number (ISIN) uniquely identifies a security. Its structure is defined in ISO 6166. Securities for which ISINs are issued include bonds, notes, certificates of deposit, commercial paper, stocks and warrants. The ISIN code is a 12-character alpha-numerical code that


Issue Amount
Also referred to as "Principal Amount, "Par Amount" or "Total Amount", is the sum the issuer has to repay to investors on maturity or when the bonds are called. In the Collaborative Market Data Model this is expressed as a number.


Issuer - Legal Entity
Entity that is able to issue, register and or sell securities for the purpose of financing its operations.


Kangaroo Distribution
A Kangaroo bond is an AUD denominated bond issued in Australia, with an AU- ISIN, by a non-Australian issuer.


Leasing Industry sector
Companies providing lease financing services.


Legal Entity Identifier
Legal Entity Identifier or LEI is a unique identity reference code allocated to a body recognised by law as legally existing in accordance with an internationally agreed standard administered by the Regulatory Oversight Committee (ROC) of the Global Legal Entity Identifier System (GLEIS). The ROC is a stand


Leisure, Entertainment and Hotels Industry sector
Comprises owners and operators of hotels, resorts, casinos and gaming facilities, betting services, cruise-ships, travel agencies, tour operators, leisure facilities, restaurants, bars, pubs, fast-food or take-out facilities and services. 


Leveraged loan
A leveraged loan is a loan made to an entity that already has either considerable amounts of debt, a low credit rating or both.


LIBOR
London Interbank Offer Rate. An interest rate at which banks can borrow funds, in marketable size, from other banks in the London Interbank Market. The world’s most widely used benchmark for short-term interest rates. It’s important because it is the rate at which the world’s most preferred borrowers are based.


Lower Tier 2 Subordinated ranking
Order of repayment in the event of a sale or bankruptcy of the issuer....  


Machinery Industry sector
Companies whose main line of business is manufacturing industrial, construction and agricultural machinery and parts.


Manufacturing Industry Sector
The Manufacturing Industry Sector consists of companies that manufacture goods using raw materials to create a finished product.


Marketing & Advertising Industry sector
Companies providing advertising, marketing or public relations services.


Media and Photography Industry sector
Companies producing film, television or radio programmes and related services. 


Medium Term Note (MTN) security type
A negotiable debt instrument that promises to pay the bearer or registered owner an amount or a number of amounts in the future.

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