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Bank – Building Society
Building Society industry consists of financial institutions owned by its members and focuses on savings deposits and lending its deposits for mortgages.


Bank – Commercial
Commercial Bank industry consists of financial institutions that primarily accepts deposits, provides checking account services, and lends to commercial and individual borrowers.


Bank – Cooperative
Cooperative Bank industry consists of financial institutions that provide traditional banking services and is owned and run by their members


Bank – Covered Bond Issuer
Cover Bond Issuer industry consists of legal separate entities specifically set up for issuing debt securities, which are collateralised against a pool of assets that, in case of failure of the issuer, can cover claims at any point of time.


Bank – Credit Card
Credit Card industry consists of financial institutions that creates a temporary revolving line of credit for cardholders and processes card transactions on a both a consumer and commercial level. 


Bank – Credit Institutions
Credit Institution industry consists of financial institutions that take repayable deposits and collect payments.


Bank – Development
Development Bank industry consists of private/commercial financial institutions that finance projects which generate economic development.


Bank – Financial Services
Financial Services industry consists of entities created by corporations that provides a broad range of financial services for clients.


Bank – Investment
Investment Bank industry consists of financial institutions that provides various financing and investment related services, such as underwriting, mergers and acquisitions, broker services and so on.


Bank – Leasing
Leasing industry consists of financial institutions that provide financing against leased collateral assets, such as Equipment.


Bank – Merchant
Merchant Bank industry consists of financial institutions that focus on international trade by assisting their clients with underwriting and commercial loans to finance commodity trading.


Bank – Mortgages
Mortgage industry consists of financial institutions that focuses on underwriting and selling mortgages.


Bank – Municipal
Municipal Bank industry consists of financial institutions that are funded by local government and provides traditional banking services.


Bank – Non Bank Conduit
Non Bank Conduit industry consists of financial institutions that are specific Conduits which fund invested long term off balance assets by issuing short term debt and other instruments. 


Bank – Private
Private Bank industry consists of financial institutions that focus on private individual banking and financial services to “high net worth individuals.” 


Bank – Public
Public Bank industry consists of commercial financial institutions that are fully owned by the state but not guaranteed by the state.


Bank – Savings
Savings Bank industry consists of financial institutions that gather savings deposits and the excess deposits are lent to borrowers.


Bank – Universal
Universal Bank industry consists of financial institutions that provide both commercial and investment banking services, as well as other financial services.


Bank – Vehicle Financing
Vehicle Financing industry consists of financial institutions that focuses on financing vehicles and hold liens on vehicles until paid off.



Basis Point Value
1% change = 100 basis points, and 0.01% = 1 basis point


Bear Market
A market condition in which the prices of securities are falling and widespread pessimism causes the negative sentiment to be self-sustaining. As investors anticipate losses in a bear market and selling continue, pessimism only grows. Although figures can vary, for now, a downturn of 20% or more in multiple broad markets.


Benchmark
A standard against which the performance of a security can be measured or priced.


Beta
A measure of the volatility, or systematic risk, of a security or a portfolio in comparison to the market as a whole. Beta is used in the capital asset pricing model (CAPM), a model that calculates the expected return of an asset based on its beta and expected market return. Beta is calculated using regression analysis.


Bill security type
A treasury bill is a short term negotiable debt instrument issued by a sovereign that promises to pay the bearer or registered owner an amount or a number of amounts in the future.


Biotechnology
Companies primarily engaged in the research, development, manufacturing and/or marketing of products based on genetic analysis and genetic engineering. Includes companies specializing in protein-based therapeutics to treat human diseases.


Bond Basis
A type of day count convention specific to bonds, the bond basis is a factor used to calculate accrued interest on a bond since the last coupon payment. For the bond basis, the fraction of days in a month over days in a year is 30/360, a fraction which, while slightly inaccurate, is easy to use for


Bond Market
a market where issuers borrow money by selling debt instruments.


Bond security type
A negotiable debt instrument that promises to pay the bearer or registered owner an amount or a number of amounts in the future.  


Bookrunner
The main underwriter or lead manager in the issuance of new equity, debt or securities instrument. In investment banking, the bookrunner is the underwriting form that “runs,” or who is in charge of the books. More then one bookrunner can manage a security issuance, in which case the involved parties are called “joint bookrunners"


Bourse
A market organized for the purpose of buying and selling securities, commodities, options and other investments. Commonly known as a stock exchange. Today the word “bourse” is more commonly associated with the Paris Stock Exchange/ the Paris Bourse, or Euronext Paris.


Branch
A business unit located at a different address than the Head Office. Branches are identified by square brackets, f.e. [Paris].


Broadcasting Industry sector
Owners and operators of television or radio broadcasting systems, programme makers, television and radio stations.


Bull Market
A period of generally rising prices. The start of a bull market is marked by widespread pessimism; at this point the “crowd” is the most “bearish”. The feeling of despondency changes to hope, optimism and eventually euphoria, causing prices to rise as overall demand increase.


Bulldog Bond Market
definition can be found in the following link, GBP Bond Market.


Buyback and Tap issues
Repurchase and additional issuance of outstanding debt securities by an issuer.

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