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Callable Bonds
A bond that can be redeemed by the issuer prior to its maturity. The issuer has the right, but not the obligation, to buy back the bonds from the bond holders at a defined price and call date.

Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)
A model that describes the relationship between risk and expected return. This is used in the pricing of risky securities. CAPM says that the expected return of a security or a portfolio equals the rate on a risk-free security plus a risk premium.

Capital Gains
An increase in the value of a capital asset that gives it a higher worth than the purchase price. The gain is not realized until the asset is sold. A capital gain may be short term (one year or less) or long term (more than a year) and must be claimed on income taxes.

Capital Requirements (Regulatory Capital)
The standardized requirements in place for banks and other depository institutions, which determines how much liquidity is required to be held for a certain level of assets through regulatory agencies.

Car Rental - Industry Sector
Companies providing vehicle rental and taxi services.

Catastrophe Bond
A Catastrophe Bond or Cat Bond is a bond that exposes the investor to a specific insurance risk.

Category or Structure
Category or Structure is a classification that is given to a Debt Instrument by a market participant.

Certificate of Deposit - Security Type
A negotiable unsecured, short-term debt instrument typically issued by a bank that promises to pay the bearer or registered owner a sum or a number of sums in the future. In other words, a bank borrowing that in principal can be bought by and sold to anyone and which normally pays interest on a regular

Chemicals - Industry Sector
The Chemicals Industry sector comprises companies that primarily produce industrial chemicals and basic chemicals.

Collateralized Debt Obligation (CDO)
A type of Asset Backed Security (ABS) and some types are Mortgage Backed Securities as well (MBS). Can be thought of as a promise to pay investors in a prescribed sequence, based on the cash flow the CDO collects from the pool of bonds/mortgages/ other assets that make up the CDO.

Commercial Paper - Security Type
A short term negotiable debt instrument that promises to pay the bearer or registered owner an amount in the future.

A basic good used in commerce that is interchangeable with other commodities of the same type. Commodities are most often used as inputs in the production of other goods or services. The quality of a given commodity may differ slightly, but it is essentially uniform across producers.

Computer Hardware - Industry Sector
The Computer Hardware Industry Sector consists of businesses that manufacture computer semiconductors and other components that make a computer. This sector is different from the Information

Construction and Building Materials
Companies that manufacture construction materials including sand, clay, cement, concrete and bricks.

Consumer Price Index (CPI)
A consumer price index (CPI) measures changes in the price level of a market basket of consumer goods and services purchased by households. It is one of several price indices calculated by most national statistical agencies. The annual percentage change in a CPI is used as a measure of inflation.

Consumer Products Durables - Industry Sector
The Consumer Products – Durables Industry Sector consists of businesses that manufacture goods and or preform Research and Development that will be used by an individual or a household.

Contact Group
In the Capital Market Data model we group entities that through ownership, interest or management structure belong to the same organisation. Typically these entities use the same or a similar marketing name.

Containers & Packaging - Industry Sector
Manufacturers of metal, glass or plastic containers, paper and cardboard containers and packaging.

A legal entity that is incorporated through registration and can either be owned or not owned by the State.

Any interest payment made or due on a bond, debenture or similar (no longer by a physical coupon).

Coupon Type
Coupon Type classifies how a debt instrument's coupon is structured. In the Capital Market Data Model we distinguish the following coupon types: Fixed Floating Zero Single Fixed to IBOR Fixed to Reverse FRN IBOR to Fixed IBOR to Reverse FRN Reverse FRN Inflation Linked CMS Variable (Undisc.) Step F

Covered Bonds
A covered bond is a corporate bond with one important enhancement: recourse to a pool of assets that secures or "covers" the bond if the originator becomes insolvent.

Credit Linked Note
The current size of the Credit Linked Note market is USD200bn.

Credit Market (Bond Market) (Debt Market)
From a corporate point of view, it is the broad market for companies looking to raise funds through debt issuances. The credit market encompasses both investment-grade bonds and junk bonds, as well as short term commercial paper.

Credit Risk
The risk of loss due to a receiver of financing non re-payment of a loan or other line of credit.

A nine-character code that identifies a North American financial security for the purposes of facilitating clearing and settlement of trades.

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